OpenGL ES 1.1 on Fedora 19


So, I’ve been tinkering with SDL2 lately; I’ve been very impressed by the number of features that have been added without changing the overall API architecture much. One of the additions that I find most impressive is the Android/iOS support.

In tinkering, I realized one can theoretically build with a SDL game/app with both GL and GLES backends (without a lot of platform-specific code), allowing you to write a 3D engine that works on both desktop and mobile platforms. Very cool! I have yet to dive into the differences between GL and GLES, but I have the feeling it is possible to code (for the most part) for the middle ground.

Along the way, I noticed that mesa includes GLES implementations. Also very cool! However, the default mesa packages on Fedora have disabled the GLES 1.1 features. A little bit of google-fu later, I find the package maintainers have chosen to disable GLES 1.1 in the build with very sound reasoning:

Drop GLESv1, nothing’s using it, let’s not start

They basically want to discourage folks from using this dated API; you really should use GLES 2.0, as GLES 2.0 is only unavailable on a few older platforms (see

I imagine this might have been a choice to prevent new software from appearing in Fedora which uses GLES 1.1, thereby preventing anyone from needing to maintain/support GLES 1.1 on Fedora, but I haven’t spoken with any of those folks, so I’m not certain this is the exact meaning of their reasoning.

There are a few use cases for having GLES 1.1 available; for example, you are developing an app for an older OS for some reason. I think if you are in a situation where you need it, you are probably smart/experienced enough to be comfortable building the mesa libs from source in order to keep GLES 1.1. My curiosity led me to try it out – notes follow.

It’s not difficult to build an RPM package from source; a pretty good reference for the basics is here.

So first, you want to install the mesa source RPM:

yumdownloader --source mesa-libGLES-devel; rpm -i mesa-*.src.rpm

Next, you need to install the build dependencies:

cd ~/rpmbuild/SPECS; sudo yum-builddep mesa-libGLES-devel

After that you’ll want to patch the SPEC file to build the GLES 1.1 stuff (git diff shown):

diff --git a/mesa.spec b/mesa.spec
index 40c45f5..7540fe4 100644
--- a/mesa.spec
+++ b/mesa.spec
@@ -342,7 +342,7 @@ export CXXFLAGS="$RPM_OPT_FLAGS -fno-rtti -fno-exceptions"
     --enable-osmesa \
     --with-dri-driverdir=%{_libdir}/dri \
     --enable-egl \
-    --disable-gles1 \
+    --enable-gles1 \
     --enable-gles2 \
     --disable-gallium-egl \
     --disable-xvmc \
@@ -440,6 +440,9 @@ rm -rf $RPM_BUILD_ROOT
 %files libGLES
 %doc docs/COPYING

@@ -536,6 +539,11 @@ rm -rf $RPM_BUILD_ROOT

 %files libGLES-devel
+%dir %{_includedir}/GLES
 %dir %{_includedir}/GLES2
@@ -544,6 +552,7 @@ rm -rf $RPM_BUILD_ROOT

 %files libOSMesa

Now, build the RPMs:

rpmbuild -ba mesa.spec

Now, install the RPMs (architecture may differ, –force will overwrite installed packages):

cd ../RPMS/x86_64/; sudo rpm -i --force mesa-*.rpm

Obviously, it may pay to be a little more selective with which ones you install, if you care.